Opinion, by Pedro Vargas Avalos //
Insecurity in our Republic continues to run rampant, overwhelms society and flatly, no authority, whether at the federal, state or municipal level, can bring it down. However, the issue lent itself in recent days to unleash a kind of give and take between the Secretary of the Interior, several governors, and even some political actors.
It all started with the approval of the constitutional reform so that the armed forces collaborate, with the National Guard and local police, to provide public security to the population. Achieved the approval of the qualified majorities, both in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate, the matter went to the state legislatures, of which at least half plus one, of the 32 that function in the country, must sign favorably reform. If this happens, it will be firm that the army and navy participate in public security activities until the year 2028, and not until 2024 as foreseen until now.
As we already know, this matter was conceived by an initiative that the PRI presented, through a deputy, a proposal that Morena with her allies supported in the lower house. Then, already in the Senate, to make it pass, appendices were added, to immediately return to the Chamber of origin, where it was ratified by the deputies; now it is in its final part to be declared as part of the Constitution.
The first state that sanctioned this reform was Oaxaca, whose ruler is tricolor, but the majority of the Chamber of Deputies is morenista. Hence, anticipating that some entities would not approve the reform, the Secretary of the Interior, Adán Augusto López Hernández, dedicated himself to “lobbying” the local Congresses, in order to ensure favorable votes. The issue is not so serious because the federal government party and its allies, including in this case the PRI, have no difficulty getting at least 20 or even 25 state assemblies to ratify the reform. Perhaps only the PAN members and the two local Chambers dominated by the Citizen Movement (Jalisco and Nuevo León) could oppose it.
Adán López, from Tabasco, has already visited several entities, and last week declared that it was incongruous (hypocritical, he said) that the state authorities asked for the support of the armed forces to maintain public security, and on the contrary did not support the approval of constitutional reform. In Ciudad Victoria, he expressed that those from Nuevo León and Jalisco were angry at “the remarks that he has made that in his states there is a high incidence of crime and that his few state elements only provide security services in convenience stores.” . (Reform, 19-Oct.2022). Then, on Monday the 17th in the nation’s capital city, he emphasized that when speaking of “bloodbaths” in the country, he “thinks of the violence that is recorded in various entities governed by opposition parties.” (Yo hice.).
Given these statements, the northerner Samuel García affirmed that his police officers work very efficiently and are the best in Mexico: through his Twitter account, the president mentioned that the Civil Force of New Leon is currently an elite police force, “the best prepared of Mexico, the best army and the one with the best benefits, which is fighting organized crime head-on and without fear”. (El Universal, 10-18-022).
In Guadalajara, Enrique Alfaro, fussy as he is characterized, replied to the federal official that the territory he governs is below the national average: “Before us —Jalisco—, there are 10 states governed by Morena that have a higher incidence of rate criminal”, assured the Jalisco president in a video broadcast on social networks. (The Economist, 18-Oct-2022). In the end, he specified: “I am not going to answer the secretary with offenses and lies, because continuing to talk about a subject as delicate as security in those terms seems to me to be a serious mistake and terrible irresponsibility.”
Let us remember that Mr. Adam Augusto is one of the Morenoite characters that the President of the Republic mentioned as a serious presidential candidate. Consequently, observers and commentators on the subject state that said Secretary of the Interior takes advantage of the moment and the circumstances to bring water to his mill, that is, to strengthen his position as a candidate to succeed the current national president.
Many actors in Mexican public life have weighed in on this thorny issue, one of them being Senator Dante Delgado, coordinator of the legislators of Movimiento Ciudadano, (a party that is speculated to be the owner) accused -on Tuesday the 18th- the Adán Augusto López, of tolerating that organized crime controls different entities governed by Morena and criticized him for being the “spokesperson for Sedena”. Delgado pointed out that, despite the fact that the Secretary of the Interior should be in charge of domestic policy, “he has only dedicated himself to being a spokesman for the Ministry of National Defense, which demonstrates the ineffectiveness of the federal government in the face of public security issues. ”. (Latin Us, digital platform directed by Carlos Loret de Mola: 18-Oct-022).
Regarding security in the republic, the president stated in a recent morning: “They left us a country with a lot of violence because there was impunity and a lot of corruption.” Then he stipulated that progress has been made in several lines: “we have maintained the levels that existed previously or the trend has been reversed,” citing homicides as an example.
Unfortunately, the harsh reality tells us that insecurity has not been controlled, that it continues to grow and there is no place in the country where people do not live with the anguish of malignancy. In Michoacán, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Sinaloa, Colima, etc., etc., the daily bread is the news of aggressions, crimes and transgressions of all kinds. While that is going on, the politicians are in a kind of give and take. This colloquial expression tells us that when a person criticizes another, the latter answers in similar terms. And that is what we witness these days, when it comes to the issue of public safety. Apart from this, insecurity, misdeeds, appear at every moment and leave homes in mourning, or fearful communities.
Hopefully, the constitutional reform that we have commented on, will really serve so that in a few years (before 2029) the police agencies, both at the state and municipal levels, in addition to the National Guard, which is federal, will fully function. That is the hope of the vast majority of Mexicans, and the promise of all our authorities, for this reason, we trust that insecurity will be overcome, and we will once again live with order and tranquility. We hope so because as the saying goes, “hope dies last”.