February 7 (Urgent.bo).– In the movies, a psychopath tilts his head to the left or right, then smiles and stares at his victim. But is it possible to identify a psychopath with the naked eye? The president of the College of Psychology, Verónica Alfaro, mentions that no, but that these types of people can be distinguished by their behavior. They could be our co-workers, friends are people we just happen to cross paths with at some point in our lives.
Psychopathy is understood as an antisocial personality disorder and is characterized by a lack of affection, empathy or lack of guilt, explains Alfaro to Urgent.bo.
However, not all psychopaths commit a crime, since there are those who adapt perfectly to society and whether they commit serious crimes depends a lot on their family or education. That is, there are adapted psychopaths and those who could commit a crime.
“In the adapted a lot plays the role of education from a very young age. As for those who tend to delinquency, they actually have certain characteristics of their environment that allow them to do these kinds of things and encourage them, ”he says.
“In society we have these types of subjects walking with us (…) we also have adapted psychopaths in society, who are in very high positions, within government situations and manipulate us,” said the psychologist.
One of the characteristics of these subjects is that they have superficial charm to achieve the ends they seek, they could even extort money.
The adapted have the possibility of living with people and may not get involved in criminal matters, since their goal could be different.
“In the same job we see people who, for example, want to be the manager, have more power, reach higher positions and are not interested in passing as people who have had a track record, who have experience, they are always trying to hurt them, so that he comes to light and as the best ”, exposes the psychologist.
Even this person is capable of manipulating the owner of the company or other people to attack a third party.
Unlike an adapted psychopath, the criminal seeks to satisfy more intense needs and commits crimes. They start from a very young age and one way to identify them is that they start mistreating animals or their own classmates in daycare or school.
“They even reach a point where they feel that killing becomes addictive and causes this subject to have no objections even with his family,” says Alfaro.
These people do not have the possibility of changing, that is to say that there is no psychological and psychiatric treatment to intervene in their way of thinking or acting.
Criminal psychopaths lack empathy, they cannot identify feelings and emotions of other people and this “activates them towards a coldness of social skills, these subjects cannot feel sorry for a child, or an animal, or adults (…) this person does not feel discomfort or suffering in others”, says the psychologist.
Another characteristic is narcissism or self-centeredness, that is, they tend to think that they are superior to others, they have a higher self-esteem than normal and it is related to a lack of empathy.
In addition, the professional indicates that “there is some research where it has been detected that the prefrontal cortex in these subjects is thinner, that is, with these characteristics they are different from other people.” This would have a relationship with some hereditary or genetic components that could influence.
For the criminologist Ismael Vizcarra, psychopaths are born with this condition, that is, there is no rehabilitation for them.
Difference between a psychopath and a murderer
Alfaro details that the antisocial disorder has sociopaths and psychopaths in its components. There is a slight difference between one and the other.
The psychopath is impulsive, in addition, he has a superficial charm, emotional poverty and empathy difficulty.
The criminal psychopath tends to hurt, to harm, what causes him pleasure is not sexuality, but the damage it can cause. “He is moved more by those kinds of emotions”, he is capable of torturing, humiliating and making the person feel bad because that gives him satisfaction.
While a murderer kills with another connotation and without causing suffering to the victims.
“We cannot classify a serial killer, for example, he may be in a sociopath category, who, for example, has a fetish or something that causes him to kill certain people, not all, for example, women who wear heels, with this fetish is going to focus on killing this type of person,” says Alfaro.
In Bolivia, it is known that 1% of those deprived of liberty suffer from some antisocial disorder with psychopathic characteristics and traits.